Short History of Photography

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When we think about photography it takes us decades and centuries behind. After a century when photography became a well known fact, the specializes and experts took care of photography in a more professional manner. Yet, in the recent trends photography is not necessarily done by professionals to click good images, thanks to the digital camera that has aided to click pictures by ourselves and that too with a professional effect.

Primarily photography began in 1820s which was the time when the first photographs were lastingly captured which was possible due to scientific advancements. Scientist-Albertus Magnus and Georges Fabricius in the 13th and 16th century revealed silver chloride and silver nitrates respectively that were sensitive to light. In the recent times, silver chlorate is used to make photographic paper as it is sensitive to photons and shows a suppressed picture initially and after photo reduction the actual film is developed. In the year 1822, a French inventor, Joseph Nicephore Niepce, invented the first photograph, an image was captured in olden adaptation of camera, which was a long and a difficult procedure and took almost eight hours of exposure to direct sunlight, to develop into a true picture. Later on , the silver compounds, like those discovered by Magnus and Fabricus, were used by Niepce along with the experiment of Johann Heinrich Schultz , which proved that a amalgamation of chalk and silver compounds become darker on exposure to sunlight which aided Niepce to succeed in his discovery of photography. This discovery has led to a successful photography which is being practiced till now. Starting in 1829 he began collaborating on improved photographic processes with Louis Daguerre, and together they developed the physautotype, a process that used lavender oil. The partnership lasted until NiĆ©pce’s death in 1833. Daguerre continued with experimentation, eventually developing a process that little resembled that of Niepce. He named this the "Daguerreotype", after himself. Similar to daguerreotype, in 1834 a French-Brazilian painter along with the great inventor Hercules Florence came out with Photographie, now popularlwell known as Photography. This is almost like Polaroid photos that are used today. In the year 1840, Fox Talbot took a huge leap and advanced photography which was further developed by an astronomer, John Hershel. Then came George Eastman who refined Talbot\’s advancement and development, George Eastman\’s expansion is used in today\’s chemical cameras\’. Hippolyte Bayard also had a chief contribution in rising photography, but because of his late announcement does not share the recognition to photography. The daguerreotype gathered a lot of recognition in the entire industrial revolution, as the people asked photographs for themselves. Photographs became highly popular and most needed, but due to the restrictions of daguerreotype like these photos were hard to copy and were very delicate, George Eastman helped it out, in 1884, by using dry gel on paper. This became an easy and reasonable way of photography. In the year 1888, Kodak camera came in the market which was released by Eastman with the slogan "You push the button, we do the rest". This was a major development which attracted the whole market, and with Kodak Brownie, in 1909, even a layman could click pictures for you. The recent inventions has popularized digital photography, but now what you enjoy the most of photography, which is the sincere efforts and hard work of intelligent scientists in the past.


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